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[2020-10-08] Cultivating the indigenous people of biological resources industry talents
In recent years, the NIU College of Bioresources has worked very hard to guide the Undergraduate Indigenous Students in their work, especially on the Committee of Agricultural Extension. It held the "Industrial Development Plan of Datong Township Sih-Ji and Nan-Shan areas," "Processing Cabbage Plan in Yilan County Datong Township Sih-Ji and Nan-Shan areas" in 2013 and "Multiple Industry Development Plan in Yilan County Datong Township Sih-Ji and Nan-Shan areas—Experimental Cultivation Truffle Plan" in 2014, including Prof. Shih-Bin Lin (林世斌), Associate Prof. Cuei-Yao Chen (陳翠瑤), and Assistant Prof. Jian-Yao Lin (林建堯).

To establish the goal of happiness as well as actively assist the farmers to fertilize legitimately, building the proper concept of utilizing pesticide, developing quality agriculture and industrial structure transformation, and decreasing the environmental damages. Moreover, integrating native sceneries, ecology, aboriginal culture, nice infrastructures, catch-up industry structure, etc. to attract tourists to visit and consume, enhancing the native quantity and farmers' incomes. We hope that these achievements are expanded and do sustainably.

"Teaching and Research Direction"

In 2018, NIU got approval from the Ministry of Education to set up the NIU Program of Indigenous Education in College of Bioresources. In these two years, we have promoted natural agriculture and passed down the improvement of sustainable development in the indigenous community; the administration procedures are upward from the fundamental dimension. Because of hardly any staff in the professional local administration of the indigenous area, and also the lack of professional quality in substitute members hired from the local government, it difficultly builds the significant plan up when it faces mass works or frequent job transfer. According to the above, the NIU Program of Indigenous Education in the College of Bioresources has two major teaching and research directions:

First, assisting and guiding students to take the national examination and to get the professional license that relates to agriculture, forestry, fishery, and animal husbandry, making special subjects arranged equally in the students' class schedule.
Second, matching with the "Intelligent Agriculture", studying for practical applications, except learning in the classroom and implementing in the farm, using the method of workshop proceeding to let the students set up the "Center of Indigenous Students Experimental Farm" in the NIU College of Bioresources Experimental Farm, cultivating the students the knowledge and practical ability of bio-resources and food processing. To achieve that we have a series of teaching plans from practical to selling. Currently, we do not have bad rewards from the experimental farm, the products are selling in the NIU cooperative, we specifically accomplish the farm's set-up and utilize appropriately.

"Integration with pet blooming market"

However, the living areas about aboriginals have 46% of the country; most of them live in remote areas and coastal areas. How to improve the industry value of these rather remote areas needs to develop vision in long terms and effective marketing strategy. We noticed that the most plans about government subsidy was focused on improve the traditional agricultural industry value and leisure industry in the past, almost not to including the pet beauty market. Only a few businesses develop it but they are short of develop version in long terms and marketing strategy, they can’t create market supply and demand naturally. In addition, the lack of setting up consumer access, it is difficult to improve market share and visibility. Hence, our special class first found the class” basic application of pet health and beauty technology”, cooperating with” loving baby pet company “, it is based on beauty and self-cleaning; it is the first pet beauty can be accommodated in large, medium and small areas in Ilan. In 2015, it was transformed into a number of exclusive pet SPA beauty salon centers, and in 2017 obtained the Ministry of Labor's skills assessment qualification. The person in charge in the institution, Ms.Yi-Ling Hu, is a graduate of Ilan University's 5th Senior Master of Management in-service, and after graduation, she serves as an industry tutor in the Department of Economic Management of Ilan University. Appointing her to a tutor teacher, through teaching and practicing in system to train the students who in the Aboriginal Special Class of the Institute of Health and Capital. In addition to assisting students to have professional licenses of pet beauty technicians, but also to become seed teachers, so that graduates can smoothly connect back to their hometowns to operate pet beauty industry, this is the first time in the aboriginal classes of tertiary institutions have this special industry development different from agriculture or leisure industry.

"Breeding wild bees drives the forestry economy"

Besides agricultural and pet technology industry, the forestry economy is a popular issue with aboriginals in recent years. The most of economic sources are agriculture in far mountainous areas, fishing and hunting, and forest. And forest have the most of reservation. Therefore, the economic benefits of wood in the long-term downturn, over-limit utilization of forest land and deforestation often occur, natural forests are constantly destroyed, hillside soil and stone flow harm is becoming more and more serious, and then affect land security and water conservation. For a long time, the government has adopted a negative conservation policy towards forestry, unable to take care of its economic benefits, and the low operating efficiency has become the focus of disputes between the government and the aboriginals. Although the Government has been able to stimulate the interest of forest farmers or aboriginals, to enhance the rational use of forest land, and to diversify its forestry operations and achieve the objective of sustainable forest management, the practical results are still very limited. Fortunately, the promotion of economic policy under the forest, wild beekeeping in the forest has become a new choice to active the mountain forest. Due to the rich resources of primitive forest trees, wild bees have the ability to make full use of their nectar and powder-source plants; in addition, with leisure and tourism, the development of high value-added bee products is a feasible and promising development direction, such as specialty honey, Honey beer, honey cosmetics, daily necessities, honeycomb crafts and souvenirs not only contribute to the development of regional industries, but also provide local employment opportunities and increase the economic income of residents and aborigines.

"Brave Hornet Troops"

The main function of keeping wild bees under forest is to promote plant pollination, which will promote forest regeneration in the long term. I am implementing the project of "Beekeeping under the forest to revitalize the forest environment and economy" commissioned by the Luodong Forest Management Office. I have selected six woodlands in northern Taiwan from Shuangxi to Yilan to successfully raise and artificially breed wild bee colonies. In addition, I also use placement Empty boxes attract wild bees to move in, efficiently increase the number of wild bees without causing any damage to the forest environment. If combined with a remote wireless monitoring system, it can effectively monitor the health of the bee colony, reduce labor burden and improve the beekeeping environment in a timely manner. Since the establishment of the NIU Program of Indigenous Education in College of Bioresources, we have incorporated the experience and technology of beekeeping into the teaching content, and raised wild bees in the NIU Jiaoxi Forestry Farm and the Gin Liu Jie Practice Farm. At the same time, the students also brought their learning experience back to their tribe, to improve its traditional beekeeping technology to reach the level of large-scale breeding, thereby enhancing its industrial transformation and effectively enhancing its competitiveness, which can increase the income of the indigenous people and improve the quality of life. At present, the Swasig tribe in Miaoli, the Pyahaw tribe and the Rgayurng tribe in Nanao have assisted us in practical beekeeping work. The honey produced can be purchased and sold through school cooperatives and tribal fixed exchange channels. It is worth mentioning that the Youth Development Agency of the Ministry of Education and the Indigenous Peoples Committee jointly implemented the "U-start Original Young Project." The plan aims to cultivate talents in indigenous industries, encourage campus youth to innovate and start businesses, establish high-quality entrepreneurial fields and provide friendly employment opportunities, link campus cultivation and regional guidance and support resources, and guide indigenous youth to use traditional wisdom and characteristic farming , tribal ecology and other native advantages, strengthen its entrepreneurial cultivation and new creative energy, and carry forward the local aboriginal cultural value. I led the NIU Program of Indigenous Education in College of Bioresources to form the "Brave Hornet Troops" team, which stood out and passed the first stage of the 109-year "U-start Original Young Project" and won a grant of 500,000 yuan. This result shows that the spirit and direction of the unity of learning and application of our courses are correct. Looking forward to the future development of the NIU Program of Indigenous Education in College of Bioresources, integrating the spirit of the aboriginal people into the whole school, and after students finish their studies, they can implement and promote the integrity of the tribal native industry development plan, sustainably manage tribal resources, and promote Employment and sustainable development.
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